Legal And Ethical Issues For Health Professionals 3rd Edition Pdf – , or “First, do no harm.” It sounds simple enough, but the healthcare industry is complex, and everyone in this demanding field is faced with difficult choices every day. Understanding the various ethical challenges in healthcare can empower you to make smart decisions that are best for patients.
High ethical standards are necessary for everyone in health care, whether they are doctors, nurses, or administrators. To help you navigate these standards, here is a summary of current legal and ethical issues in health care and how to handle ethical violations.
Legal And Ethical Issues For Health Professionals 3rd Edition Pdf
When it comes to health care, ethical issues are an area of applied ethics that ethical decision-making medical professionals must apply when making decisions. Ethical and ethical views in medicine vary by country and culture. Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress have developed a standard approach to ethical issues in health care that transcends borders and cultures.
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Health care professionals must collaborate with patients to understand and balance their needs and desires. For example, would it be ethical to provide a blood transfusion to a Jehovah’s Witness even if it would save their life?
Modern health care is collaborative, and communicating with patients is key to preventing ethical violations in health care. Medical professionals should never make assumptions about a patient’s needs and wants.
Whenever a patient receives treatment, there are always medical ethical issues to discuss. Issues of waiting lists, access to medical resources, and decisions about the right course of treatment all pose ethical hurdles. Remember: Ethical is not the same as Halal. Something can be unethical but perfectly legal.
For example: If the emergency room is constantly closed, it is not legally necessary for health workers to speed up their work. On the other hand, it can be considered ethical to raise the matter with the hospital management team to find ways to help more patients, faster.
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Some other examples of ethical issues in health care are prioritization of treatment. Who needs immediate attention, and who should wait? In organ donation, is it ethical to give an identical liver to an elderly patient suffering from alcoholism when a younger patient could also benefit from that liver?
Ethical issues in health care are complex, and sometimes even the right decision may not feel like the most ethical behavior.
The medical world is constantly evolving, and as medical technology changes, doctors face a host of new ethical issues. In a recent survey, physicians were asked which of the top medical issues they faced, the best outcome was balancing quality and efficiency of care. Answers include:
Insurance mandates medical care. Insurance companies delay or deny surgery. Neurosurgery, United States You cannot report to someone who may actually be the root cause of the problem. Internal Medicine, USA
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Overcoming an ethical issue in medicine is not black and white, as is the case with legal/illegal practices. Let’s examine some of the important medical ethical issues facing healthcare workers today.
DNR orders are always controversial, as demonstrated by 17% of survey respondents claiming end-of-life issues are one of the top ethical issues they face. This order directs any healthcare professional not to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if the patient’s heart has stopped or breathing has stopped. These orders can only be written in consultation with the doctor and the patient. Yet an ethical issue in medicine is what happens when a patient clearly displays a DNR order?
In 2017, a Florida man had a DNR order tattooed on his chest. Although the seriousness of the tattoo was in question, the man could not breathe and could not speak, so the ICU unit decided to respect the message and decided not to start CPR.
From an ethical standpoint, DNR orders must balance the degree of pain involved in the treatment against the potential benefits. As a result, addressing end-of-life issues can be challenging for physicians.
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The biggest legal and ethical issue in healthcare is patient confidentiality, which is why 15% of survey respondents cited doctor-patient confidentiality as their top ethical issue in the practice of medicine. Health care professionals have an obligation to protect and preserve the confidentiality of all patient medical records. Violations under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) can result in suspension and termination.
Still, there are gray areas, which can inadvertently lead to some ethical violations in healthcare. For example, would it do more harm than good to maintain aspects of a patient’s medical condition? Likewise, the opposite can be true.
According to the survey, 73% of respondents believe that ethical issues have increased since the start of the pandemic.
Public health agencies have discussed the merits and shortcomings of implementing mandatory COVID-19 vaccination policies around the world. This is an issue that affects the entire healthcare industry. Many countries have made vaccination mandatory for all workers in the healthcare sector, including those in Europe and Asia.
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This is one of the most hotly debated current ethical issues in health care because it brings serious questions into consideration. Where does individual medical freedom stop and the needs of the wider community begin? Is it ethical to force someone into treatment if they don’t want it?
According to figures from the US Census Bureau, 294.6 million people had health insurance in 2017, a record high. However, one in five US adults decided not to seek health care in 2017 because they did not have insurance. The high cost of health care and related insurance policies leads to ethical issues, which is why 15% of our survey participants identified it as their top ethical issue.
Is it ethical to deny someone who needs treatment based on insurance status? Is it ethical for hospitals to charge so much for treatment? It’s not only an ethical issue in medicine, but it’s a debate that often takes place in politics about how society wants to run the health care system. It’s a debate that has raged in the United States for decades, without hindsight. Politically, the United States will see this as the defining moral issue of our time, coming into direct conflict with profit and health.
13% of survey respondents felt that the allocation of limited donor organs is the most ethical issue in health care, while 17% felt the same about drugs and devices. And it’s no wonder that in the United States, more than 95% of North Americans are interested in being an organ donor but only 58% are actually registered donors. With less than 4% of the population on the waiting list for a donor, it can be seen that most organs in the US come from deceased donors and only a small percentage come from living ones.
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Therefore, to increase the number of living donors, research on the ethical issues of limited organ donation is very important. For more information on ethical issues in organ donation, see Ethical principles in human organ donation.
Additionally, medications and assistive devices can be difficult ethical issues to manage. For example, medicine is the best way to treat a disease. In addition, intensively acting drugs are used as an additional treatment to the primary treatment method (for example, surgery). However, some medicines are in limited supply which means that not all patients get the medicine they need.
The same is true of support tools for physicians. Different regions often offer different degrees of support and a wider range of tools. Unfortunately, many rural areas lack modern facilities. Support, however, speaks volumes more than the physical aspects of exercise.
A doctor’s work is never done, and when on call at the hospital, there are few moments of rest between shifts. To be a champion for patients, doctors need the support of colleagues and loved ones for this hard work. As a result, it is imperative that physicians find a way to balance helping patients without neglecting family, friends, or hobbies. Notably, when asked where they found support for dealing with health care issues, 31% of survey participants indicated colleagues while 30% looked to professional superiors for help.
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Ethical and ethical issues burden nurses, doctors and administrative staff. Although the priority should be prevention, dealing with moral lapses is part of the profession. This is important because 47% of physicians had to identify ethical violations in their practice. So, how can you best manage these violations?
Here is a step-by-step example of how to address ethical violations in your practice. First, it is necessary to acknowledge and investigate potential ethical issues in health care. Bring different disciplines together and create an environment where people are allowed and feel comfortable to speak regardless of their seniority.
Then, the ethical violation should be classified as a process issue or an organizational issue. Remember, something can still be immoral even if it is lawful. For example, what is the clinic’s or hospital’s policy regarding the appropriate approach when the patient’s wishes conflict with their family’s wishes and the patient is unable to speak?
Ethical violations may require updating internal rules and work processes. This will require consultation with the front line
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